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Transition from small interstitial clusters to extended {311} defects in ion-implanted Si

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3 Author(s)
Coffa, S. ; CNR-IMETEM, Stradale Primosole 50, I95121 Catania, Italy ; Libertino, S. ; Spinella, Corrado

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We have investigated the transition from small interstitial clusters to {311} defects in ion-implanted Si. Czochralski Si wafers were implanted with 1.2 MeV Si ions to fluences in the range 1012–5×1013/cm2 and annealed at temperatures of 600–750 °C for times as long as 15 h. Photoluminescence and transmission electron microscopy analyses allowed us to analyze the transition of small interstitial clusters, formed by the agglomeration of the excess interstitials introduced by the beam, into {311} defects. It is found that {311} defects form only at fluences ≥1013/cm2 and at temperatures above 600 °C. When {311} are observed in transmission electron microscopy, the luminescence spectrum is dominated by a sharp signal at 1376 nm which has been correlated with optical transitions occurring at or close to these defects. At lower temperatures or at lower fluence, no extended defects are observed in transmission electron microscopy and the luminescence spectrum present two broad signatures arising from carrier recombination at interstitial clusters. These data strongly indicate that a severe structural transformation occurs in the evolution from small interstitial clusters to extended {311} defects. © 2000 American Institute of Physics.

Published in:

Applied Physics Letters  (Volume:76 ,  Issue: 3 )

Date of Publication:

Jan 2000

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