By making an array of nanoholes on an alumina target, x-ray emission from laser-produced plasma can be greatly enhanced even in soft x-ray energy regions (≪0.25 keV). X-ray fluence enhancement around 30 times was achieved in the 5–25 nm wavelength range. The enhancement increases as the ionization level of Al becomes higher and the x-ray wavelength becomes shorter. Over 50-fold enhancement was obtained at a soft x-ray wavelength around 6 nm, which corresponds to the emission from Al8+,9+ ions. X-ray pulse duration was 17 ps, which is much shorter than that obtained by using the prepulse technique. © 1999 American Institute of Physics.