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Thermodynamic theory of stress distribution in epitaxial Pb(Zr, Ti)O3 thin films

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3 Author(s)
Kim, H.Joon ; Department of Materials Science and Engineering, and National Research Laboratory (NRL) for Ferroelectric Phase Transitions, Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), Pohang 790-784, Korea ; Oh, S.Hoon ; Jang, Hyun M.

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A phenomenological thermodynamic model has been developed to account for the effects of the film thickness on various properties of ferroelectric thin films. To this end, we have suitably incorporated a position-dependent stress distribution function into the elastic Gibbs function. Various physical properties can be predicted as a function of the film thickness using this modified thermodynamic formalism. A comparison of the theoretical predictions with experimental values of the average strain and the para-ferro transition temperature indicates that the tensile stress caused by the cubic-tetragonal displacive phase transition dominates over the compressive thermal stress in the epitaxially oriented tetragonal Pb(Zr, Ti)O3 thin films. © 1999 American Institute of Physics.

Published in:

Applied Physics Letters  (Volume:75 ,  Issue: 20 )