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Rhombohedral superlattice structure and relaxor ferroelectric behavior of (Pb0.70Ba0.30)ZrO3 ceramics

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5 Author(s)
Pokharel, Bhadra P. ; School of Materials Science and Technology, Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi-221005, India ; Ranjan, Rajeev ; Pandey, Dhananjai ; Siruguri, V.
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Superlattice reflections observed in the neutron powder-diffraction patterns of (Pb0.80Ba0.20)ZrO3 (PBZ20) and (Pb0.70Ba0.30)ZrO3 (PBZ30) are explained in terms of doubled rhombohedral cell (R3c). A Rietveld analysis of the neutron data reveals that the displacements of Pb2+/Ba2+ and Zr4+ decrease with increasing Ba2+ content while the thermal parameter for Pb2+/Ba2+ increases and becomes similar to ferroelectric relaxors. Dielectric studies indeed confirm relaxor behavior in PBZ30 with Vogel–Fulcher type relaxational freezing. © 1999 American Institute of Physics.

Published in:

Applied Physics Letters  (Volume:74 ,  Issue: 5 )

Date of Publication:

Feb 1999

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