We investigated the formation of CoSi2 for Ti capped Co on (100) Si substrate with emphasis on the Co–Ti interaction and its effect on thermal stability. A 15 nm thick Ti capping layer is shown to improve the interfacial roughness and thermal stability of CoSi2 film grown on Si substrate compared with TiN capping. The increased uniformity of silicide/Si(100) interface is speculated to result from retarded Co–Si reaction by the formation of CoTi binary phase. And the high thermal stability can be explained by the fact that the amount of Ti atoms in CoSi2 film for Ti capping is much higher than what is in TiN capping. It is likely that the surface Ti diffuses rapidly into CoSi2 grain boundaries and slows down the agglomeration process, thereby increasing thermal stability while Ti in TiN capping did not. © 1998 American Institute of Physics.