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Exciplex formation at the organic solid-state interface: Yellow emission in organic light-emitting diodes using green-fluorescent tris(8-quinolinolato)aluminum and hole-transporting molecular materials with low ionization potentials

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3 Author(s)
Itano, Koji ; Department of Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Engineering, Osaka University, Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka, 565, Japan ; Ogawa, Hiromitsu ; Shirota, Y.

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The bilayer organic light-emitting diodes using green-fluorescent tris(8-quinolinolato)aluminum (Alq3) as an emitting material and hole-transport materials with low ionization potentials, 1,3,5-tris(3-methylphenylphenylamino)triphenylamine and 4,4,4-tris[bis(4-tert-buthylbiphenyl4-yl)amino]triphenylamine, emitted bright yellow light instead of green light. The yellow emission is attributed to exciplex formation at the solid interface between Alq3 and the hole-transport material. The exciplex formation was evidenced by the measurement of the photoluminescence spectra and lifetimes of the mixture of an equimolar amount of Alq3 and each of the hole-transport materials. The emission color can be tuned by varying the applied voltage. © 1998 American Institute of Physics.

Published in:

Applied Physics Letters  (Volume:72 ,  Issue: 6 )