Substantially improved, photopumped polymer lasers are demonstrated using microrings and microdisks of various diameters D ranging from 5 to 200 μm. Various cavity-dependent laser modes were observed, which for D≪10 μm were dominated by a single longitudinal mode with linewidth of less than 1 Å. These microlasers were also characterized by Q of order 5000, low threshold excitation energy of order 100 pJ/pulse for pulse duration ranging from 100 ps to sub-μs, and an abrupt increase in the emission directionality and polarization degree. Light emitting diodes with cylindrical geometry, fully compatible with these microlasers are also demonstrated. © 1998 American Institute of Physics.