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Phase-transition-induced residual strain in ferromagnetic MnAs films epitaxially grown on GaAs(001)

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4 Author(s)
Trampert, A. ; Paul-Drude-Institut für Festkörperelektronik, Hausvogteiplatz 5–7, D-10117 Berlin, Germany ; Schippan, F. ; Daweritz, L. ; Ploog, K.H.

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We investigate the atomic interface structure and the residual strain state of ferromagnetic α (hexagonal) MnAs layers on cubic GaAs(001) by means of high-resolution transmission electron microscopy and electron diffraction. Despite the different symmetries of the adjacent planes at the heterointerface and the large and orientation-dependent lattice mismatch, the hexagonal MnAs grows epitaxially on GaAs(001) with the (11¯.0) prism plane parallel to the cubic substrate. The atomic arrangement at the interface, which is defined by the accommodation of the large lattice mismatch, explains this extreme case of heteroepitaxial alignment. The anisotropic residual strain distribution is discussed with respect to the particular process of lattice misfit relaxation in the presence of the ferromagnetic phase transition. © 2001 American Institute of Physics.

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Applied Physics Letters  (Volume:78 ,  Issue: 17 )