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Fog Over Indo-Gangetic Plains—A Study Using Multisatellite Data and Ground Observations

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4 Author(s)
Badarinath, K.V.S. ; Dept. of Space, Gov. of India, Hyderabad, India ; Kharol, S.K. ; Sharma, A.R. ; Roy, P.S.

Every year, fog formation over the Indo-Gangetic Plains (IGP) of Indian region during the winter months of December-January is believed to create numerous health hazards, economic loss, and cross-country transportation of aerosols. It has attracted the global scientific community's attention to address the uncertainties pertaining to its formation and physico-chemical properties. In this paper, we made an attempt to study the fog conditions that occurred over the north Indian region and long-range transport of aerosols from the fog region towards the southern region during November 2008, using multisatellite data sets and ground-based observations on aerosol properties and solar irradiance in the urban region of Hyderabad, India. Ground measurements showed a considerable increase in aerosol optical depth (AOD) at 500 nm ( ~ 30%) and a decrease in total solar irradiance ( ~ 7%) over Hyderabad, India, during the fog period compared to a normal day corresponding to 04 November 2008.

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Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:2 ,  Issue: 3 )