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Fabrication of a germanium quantum-dot single-electron transistor with large Coulomb-blockade oscillations at room temperature

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7 Author(s)
Li, P.W. ; Department of Electrical Engineering, National Central University, ChungLi, Taiwan, Republic of China ; Liao, W.M. ; Kuo, D. ; Lin, S.W.
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A simple and complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor-compatible method for fabricating germanium (Ge) single-electron transistors (SETs) is proposed, in which the Ge quantum dots (QDs) are naturally formed by selective oxidation of Si0.95Ge0.05/Si wires on a silicon-on-insulator substrate. Clear Coulomb-blockade oscillations, Coulomb staircase, and negative differential conductances were experimentally observed at room temperature. The tunneling currents through the Ge QDs were simulated by the Anderson model with two energy levels. Analysis of the current–voltage characteristics indicates that the single-electron addition energy of the Ge QD is about 125 meV.

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Applied Physics Letters  (Volume:85 ,  Issue: 9 )