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Fabrication and characterization of a biologically sensitive field-effect transistor using a nanocrystalline diamond thin film

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2 Author(s)
Yang, Wensha ; Department of Chemistry, University of Wisconsin—Madison, 1101 University Avenue, Madison, Wisconsin 53706 ; Hamers, Robert J.

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We report the fabrication and characterization of a biologically sensitive field-effect transistor (Bio-FET) using a nanocrystalline diamond thin film. Biomolecular recognition capability was provided by linking human immunoglobulin G (IgG) to the diamond surface. Electrical measurements reveal behavior characteristic of field-effect transistors. The biomolecular recognition and specificity characteristics were tested using the two antibodies anti IgM and anti-IgG. Electrical measurements show that the Bio-FET device made on an IgG-modified diamond exhibits a response specific to the anti-IgG antibody. Our results demonstrate the ability to fabricate a bio-FET device using a biologically modified diamond thin film.

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Applied Physics Letters  (Volume:85 ,  Issue: 16 )