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Continuous-wave operation of ultraviolet InGaN/InAlGaN multiple-quantum-well laser diodes

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5 Author(s)
Kneissl, Michael ; Palo Alto Research Center (PARC), 3333 Coyote Hill Road, Palo Alto, California 94304 ; Treat, David W. ; Teepe, Mark ; Miyashita, Naoko
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We demonstrate ultraviolet InGaN/InAlGaN multiple-quantum-well laser diodes operating under continuous-wave (cw) conditions. The laser diodes were grown on sapphire substrates by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition. Under pulsed bias conditions, we have achieved threshold current densities as low as 5 kA/cm2 for laser diodes with emission wavelengths between 368 nm and 378 nm and have demonstrated lasing at 363.2 nm at room temperature, the shortest wavelength yet reported for a semiconductor laser diode. The cw operation up to a heat sink temperature of 40 °C was demonstrated on a series of narrow ridge-waveguide devices processed with chemically assisted ion beam etched mirrors and high reflective coating on both facets. The shortest wavelength emission under cw operation conditions was 373.5 nm with output powers of more than 1 mW. © 2003 American Institute of Physics.

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Applied Physics Letters  (Volume:82 ,  Issue: 15 )