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Energy dispersive x-ray diffractometry as a tool alternative to differential scanning calorimetry for investigating polymer phase transitions

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4 Author(s)
Rossi-Albertini, V. ; Istituto di Struttura della Materia—Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Area di Ricerca di Tor Vergata, Via del Fosso del Cavaliere 100, 00133 Roma ; Isopo, A. ; Caminiti, R. ; Tentolini, U.

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Recently, a technique based on energy dispersive x-ray diffraction has been proposed to follow the polymer phase transitions. However, the potentialities of this method were not clear, as well as the experimental conditions in which it is more convenient than differential scanning calorimetry, generally used for the same purpose. In the present letter, the answer to this question is provided. It is shown that the two methods are complementary, rather than equivalent, the heating rate being the relevant parameter to establish which is preferable. The demonstration of this statement is given through the observation of the complex thermal properties of a reference sample studied in both ways at progressively lower heating rates. The connection between such unusual application of x-ray diffraction and the differential scanning calorimetry is discussed in terms of the two possible definitions of entropy. © 2002 American Institute of Physics.

Published in:

Applied Physics Letters  (Volume:80 ,  Issue: 5 )