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Efficient mixed-spectrum estimation with applications to target feature extraction

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2 Author(s)
Jian Li ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Florida Univ., Gainesville, FL, USA ; Stoica, Petre

We present a decoupled parameter estimation (DPE) algorithm for estimating sinusoidal parameters from both 1-D and 2-D data sequences corrupted by autoregressive (AR) noise. In the first step of the DPE algorithm, we use a relaxation (RELAX) algorithm that requires simple fast Fourier transforms (FFTs) to obtain the estimates of the sinusoidal parameters. We describe how the RELAX algorithm may be used to extract radar target features from both 1-D and 2-D data sequences. In the second step of the DPE algorithm, a linear least-squares approach is used to estimate the AR noise parameters. The DPE algorithm is both conceptually and computationally simple. The algorithm not only provides excellent estimation performance under the model assumptions, in which case the estimates obtained with the DPE algorithm are asymptotically statistically efficient, but is also robust to mismodeling errors

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Signal Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:44 ,  Issue: 2 )