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A syntactical approach to diagnosing multiple bugs in an intelligent tutoring system

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2 Author(s)
Zhongping Huang ; Dept. of Comput. Sci., Utsunomiya Univ., Japan ; N. Tokuda

This paper develops a buggy model-based intelligent tutoring system (ITS) capable of diagnosing multiple bugs, pinpointing not only their types but also their exact locations involved. The procedural grammar of context free type is used not only to decompose a complicated procedure involving possible steps of both correct and incorrect arithmetic into simplest, `primitive' procedures but also to express control knowledge essential to implementing an efficient parser. An efficient parser is implemented by narrowing down the search space, exploiting the control knowledge, the selection and consistency conditions in selecting rules in parsing. Parsing of superficial symptoms such as a student's errors in arithmetic essentially reveals the deep structure of the buggy knowledge of the student so that teachers may now devise and offer a more effective means of instructions for acquiring the correct skill of arithmetic

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics - Part A: Systems and Humans  (Volume:26 ,  Issue: 2 )