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Direct measurements of the velocity and thickness of ‘‘explosively’’ propagating buried molten layers in amorphous silicon

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5 Author(s)
Lowndes, D.H. ; Solid State Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 ; Jellison, G.E., Jr. ; Pennycook, S.J. ; Withrow, S.P.
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Simultaneous infrared (1152 nm) and visible (633 nm) reflectivity measurements with nanosecond resolution were used to study the initial formation and subsequent motion of pulsed KrF laser‐induced ‘‘explosively’’ propagating buried molten layers in ion implantation‐amorphized silicon. The buried layer velocity decreases with depth below the surface, but increases with KrF laser energy density; a maximum velocity of about 14 m/s was observed, implying an undercooling‐velocity relationship of ∼14 K/(m/s). Z‐contrast scanning transmission electron microscopy was used to form a direct chemical image of implanted Cu ions transported by the buried layer and showed that the final buried layer thickness was ≪15 nm.

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Applied Physics Letters  (Volume:48 ,  Issue: 20 )