Skip to Main Content
In the context of next-generation wireless systems, it is expected that services targeted at mass content distribution will become widely popular. Multicast services, such as audio/video streaming and mobile television, have the characteristic that the same information has to be transmitted to a group of recipients, which may include user terminals as well as relay stations, in the case of relaying networks. This paper deals with the problem of multigroup multicast beamforming for multiantenna wireless cellular networks, which assumes that multiple multicast groups can share the same resource. The intergroup interference, which appears due to the resource sharing, needs to be suppressed by the beamforming algorithms. In this paper, new linear transmit beamforming techniques are proposed, which aim to provide a reasonable tradeoff between performance and computational complexity. These techniques correspond to extensions of known algorithms, such as zero forcing (ZF), minimum mean square error (MMSE), and signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio (SINR) balancing, to the multicast case. Furthermore, new ldquomulticast-awarerdquo techniques that take into account the peculiarities of multicast transmission are proposed to improve performance. To provide the necessary mathematical framework for the analysis, a novel general multigroup multicast system model is proposed as well.