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Teleoperated 3-D Force Feedback From the Nanoscale With an Atomic Force Microscope

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2 Author(s)
Onal, C.D. ; Dept. of Mech. Eng., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA ; Sitti, M.

In this study, 3-D experimental teleoperated force feedback during contact with nanoscale surfaces is demonstrated using an atomic force microscope (AFM) on the slave side and a haptic device on the master side. To achieve 3-D force feedback, coupling between one of the horizontal forces and the vertical force is a crucial bottleneck. To solve this coupling issue, a novel force decoupling algorithm is proposed. This algorithm uses local surface slopes, an empirical friction force model, and the haptic device motion angle projected onto the surface to estimate the friction value during experiments. With this estimation, it is possible to decouple the three orthogonal forces acting on the tip of the AFM cantilever. Moreover, using an adaptive observer, parameters of the friction model can be changed online, removing the necessity to calibrate the friction model initially. Finally, a modified passivity-based bilateral control is used to reflect the scaled nanoscale forces to the master side and the operator. The performance of the system is demonstrated on experimental results for flat and non-flat, and hard and soft surfaces.

Published in:

Nanotechnology, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:9 ,  Issue: 1 )