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A software-defined radio (SDR) for ultrawideband (UWB) communication systems places several stringent requirements on the analog-to-digital converter (ADC). One alternative to using a single ADC is to sample the received signal with an array of lower speed ADCs that were driven by interleaved sampling clocks; however, mismatches among the ADCs will result in signal distortion. This paper makes three important contributions to overcoming this problem: 1) analytical quantification of the impact of ADC gain, offset, and timing mismatches on the performance of a time-interleaved sampling ADC array for UWB signals; 2) demonstration of the efficacy of using a pilot-based matched-filter architecture to mitigate the impact of timing mismatches in the presence of multipath; and 3) implementation of an 8-ADC time-interleaved UWB SDR testbed that operates at an effective sampling frequency of 6.4 GHz. In addition, our findings allow for the design specification of the number of pilots required to obtain a desired system performance. The simulation and measured performance results from this paper demonstrate that ADC mismatches can be controlled to within plusmn10%, yielding acceptable levels of distortion and bit-error-rate (BER) performance on the UWB SDR testbed. Both analytical and simulation results also demonstrate the efficacy of a pilot-based matched filter in mitigating the impact of timing mismatch errors, even in the presence of multipath.