Skip to Main Content
This paper is concerned with robust position and contact force control for 7-DOF redundant robot arms. An outer-inner loop controller, called the augmented hybrid impedance control scheme is developed. A 6-DOF force/torque sensor is used to measure the interaction forces. These are fed back to the outer-loop controller that implements either a force or an impedance controller in each of the 6 DOF of the tool frame. The force controller is provided with a force set point, and desired inertia and damping are introduced in the force control loop to improve transient performance. The inner loop consists of a Cartesian-level potential difference controller, a redundancy resolution scheme at the acceleration level, and a joint-space inverse dynamics controller. Experimental results for two 7-DOF robot arms (redundant, dextrous, isotropically enhanced, seven-turning pair robot (REDIESTRO) and Mitsubishi PA10-7C) are given to illustrate the performance of the force control strategy. A successful application of the proposed scheme to a surface cleaning task is described using the REDIESTRO, while position and force tracking experiments are described for the Mitsubishi PA10-7C robot.