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System-Level Power Management Using Online Learning

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2 Author(s)
Gaurav Dhiman ; Dept. of Comput. Sci. & Eng., Univ. of California, San Diego, CA ; Tajana ¿imuni¿ Rosing

In this paper, we propose a novel online-learning algorithm for system-level power management. We formulate both dynamic power management (DPM) and dynamic voltage-frequency scaling problems as one of workload characterization and selection and solve them using our algorithm. The selection is done among a set of experts, which refers to a set of DPM policies and voltage-frequency settings, leveraging the fact that different experts outperform each other under different workloads and device leakage characteristics. The online-learning algorithm adapts to changes in the characteristics and guarantees fast convergence to the best-performing expert. In our evaluation, we perform experiments on a hard disk drive (HDD) and Intel PXA27x core (CPU) with real-life workloads. Our results show that our algorithm adapts really well and achieves an overall performance comparable to the best-performing expert at any point in time, with energy savings as high as 61% and 49% for HDD and CPU, respectively. Moreover, it is extremely lightweight and has negligible overhead.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems  (Volume:28 ,  Issue: 5 )