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Formation and manipulation of two-dimensional arrays of micron-scale particles in microfluidic systems by surface acoustic waves

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7 Author(s)
Wood, C.D. ; School of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, University of Leeds, Woodhouse Lane, Leeds LS2 9JT, United Kingdom ; Cunningham, J.E. ; ORorke, R. ; Walti, C.
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The two-dimensional concentration and manipulation of micron-scale particles by orthogonal, surface acoustic, standing waves is demonstrated. The particles are organized by liquid pressure waves in a microfluidic system over a piezoelectric substrate and form a uniform two-dimensional array with a spacing governed by the mechanical nodes of the two orthogonal, surface acoustic, standing waves. The nodal spacing can be controlled in each orthogonal direction independently by adjustment of the radio frequency applied to the separate acoustic wave transducers. This technique could be used to enhance the particle concentrations at sensing locations in DNA or protein array detectors.

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Applied Physics Letters  (Volume:94 ,  Issue: 5 )