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Local thermomechanical characterization of phase transitions using band excitation atomic force acoustic microscopy with heated probe

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4 Author(s)
Jesse, S. ; The Center for Nanophase Materials Science, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831, USA ; Nikiforov, M.P. ; Germinario, L.T. ; Kalinin, S.V.

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An approach for thermomechanical characterization of phase transitions in polymeric materials (polyethyleneterephthalate) by band excitation acoustic force microscopy is developed. This methodology allows the independent measurement of resonance frequency, Q factor, and oscillation amplitude of a tip-surface contact as a function of tip temperature, from which the thermal evolution of tip-surface spring constant and mechanical dissipation can be extracted. We demonstrate a heating protocol which keeps the contact area and contact force constant, thus allowing for reproducible measurements and quantitative extraction of material properties including temperature dependence of indentation-based elastic and loss moduli.

Published in:

Applied Physics Letters  (Volume:93 ,  Issue: 7 )