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Low-temperature phase separation in GaN nanowires: An in situ x-ray investigation

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5 Author(s)
Wu, S.Y. ; Department of Physics, National Dong Hwa University, Hualien 97401, Taiwan ; Ji, J.-Y. ; Chou, M.H. ; Li, W.H.
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In this study, we in situ employed low-temperature x-ray diffraction to investigate phase separation in GaN nanowires. Our observations showed that a distinct phase separation developed below 260 K, the zinc-blende phase, which is related to short range ordering. The correlation lengths of the zinc-blende phase reached their maximum at 140 K but correlation length was still revealed at around 23 nm. Our results may be understood using the finite size model and support the conclusion that the phase separation was reversible and occurred through the interaction of the characteristic size of the ordered domain of the GaN nanowires.

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Applied Physics Letters  (Volume:92 ,  Issue: 16 )