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Phase change nanodot arrays fabricated using a self-assembly diblock copolymer approach

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10 Author(s)
Zhang, Yuan ; Department of Electrical Engineering, Stanford University, 420 Via Palou, Stanford, California 94305 and Center for Integrated Systems, Stanford University, 420 Via Palou, Stanford, California 94305 ; Wong, H.-S.Philip ; Raoux, S. ; Cha, Jennifer N.
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Self-assembling diblock copolymer, polystyrene-b-poly-4-vinylpyridine (PS-b-P4VP), was used as the template for fabricating phase change nanostructures. The high density GeSb nanodots were formed by etching into an amorphous GeSb thin film using silica hard mask which was patterned on top of polymer. The nanodot arrays are 15 nm in diameter with 30 nm spacing. This is smaller than most structures obtained by e-beam lithography. Time-resolved x-ray diffraction studies showed that the phase transition occurred at 235 °C, which is 5 °C lower than blanket GeSb film but higher than that of Ge2Sb2Te5 (150 °C). GeSb showed good temperature stability for fabrication of small memory devices.

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Applied Physics Letters  (Volume:91 ,  Issue: 1 )