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Synthesis and properties of single-crystal β3-Ni3Si nanowires

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2 Author(s)
Song, Yipu ; Department of Chemistry, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706 ; Jin, Song

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Single-crystal Ni3Si nanowires were synthesized by a chemical vapor transport method, using iodine as the transport reagent. Structural characterization using powder x-ray diffraction, electron microscopy, and energy dispersive spectroscopy confirms that the nanowires are the monoclinic β3-Ni3Si phase. Four-terminal electrical measurements show that the single-crystal nanowires have a resistivity of 72 μΩ cm and are capable of supporting a high failure current density about 1.7×107 A/cm2. These unique Ni3Si nanowires are attractive nanoscale building blocks for interconnects and for fully silicided gate application in nanoelectronics.

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Applied Physics Letters  (Volume:90 ,  Issue: 17 )