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The authors study the thermal conductivity of silicon nanowires by simulation of phonon motion and interactions through a dedicated Monte Carlo model. This model solves the Boltzmann transport equation, taking into account silicon acoustic mode dispersion curves and three phonon interactions (the normal and umklapp processes). The confinement, which limits the thermal conductivity in such structures, is described by diffuse reflection at lateral boundaries of the nanowire without any adjustment by a boundary collision time, which depends on a specularity factor. They compare simulation results to experimental measurements on similar nanostructures. A good agreement is achieved for almost all the considered diameters.