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Maximum likelihood localization of sources in noise modeled as a stable process

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2 Author(s)
P. Tsakalides ; Signal & Image Process. Inst., Univ. of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA ; C. L. Nikias

This paper introduces a new class of robust beamformers which perform optimally over a wide range of non-Gaussian additive noise environments. The maximum likelihood approach is used to estimate the bearing of multiple sources from a set of snapshots when the additive interference is impulsive in nature. The analysis is based on the assumption that the additive noise can be modeled as a complex symmetric α-stable (SαS) process. Transform-based approximations of the likelihood estimation are used for the general SαS class of distributions while the exact probability density function is used for the Cauchy case. It is shown that the Cauchy beamformer greatly outperforms the Gaussian beamformer in a wide variety of non-Gaussian noise environments, and performs comparably to the Gaussian beamformer when the additive noise is Gaussian. The Cramer-Rao bound for the estimation error variance is derived for the Cauchy case, and the robustness of the SαS beamformers in a wide range of impulsive interference environments is demonstrated via simulation experiments

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing  (Volume:43 ,  Issue: 11 )