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Complex ambiguity functions using nonstationary higher order cumulant estimates

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2 Author(s)
Dae C.Shin ; Dept. of Electr. Eng.-Syst., Univ. of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA ; Nikias, C.L.

The complex ambiguity function based on second-order statistics (CAF-SOS) has been used to simultaneously estimate the frequency-delay of arrival (FDOA) and time-delay of arrival (TDOA) between two signal measurements; its performance, however, is sensitive to the correlation between two additive noise sources. When the noise sources are assumed to be Gaussian, we develop a new complex ambiguity function based on higher order statistics (CAF-HOS) that reduces the unknown noise-correlation effect. The new CAF-HOS algorithm utilizes nonstationary higher order cross cumulant estimates and their Fourier transform. In fact, we suggest a nonstationary estimate of fourth-order cross-cumulants and obtain the analytical expressions for its mean value and variance. We compare the analytical expressions with results obtained by Monte Carlo runs. Also, we compare the performance of the new complex ambiguity function based on fourth-order statistics (CAF-FOS) against the CAF-SOS algorithm using different Gaussian noise sources, different signals of interest, different signal-to-noise ratios, and different lengths of data

Published in:

Signal Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:43 ,  Issue: 11 )

Date of Publication:

Nov 1995

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