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Plasma dynamics of water breakdown at a water surface induced by femtosecond laser pulses

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5 Author(s)
Sarpe-Tudoran, C. ; Institute of Physics and Center for Interdisciplinary Nanostructure Science and Technology (CINSaT), University of Kassel, Heinrich-Plett-Strasse 40, D-34132 Kassel, Germany ; Assion, A. ; Wollenhaupt, M. ; Winter, M.
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Femtosecond laser pulse induced ultrafast plasma dynamics studies of water breakdown in the range up to 250 ps are reported. We combine transient imaging techniques together with spectrally resolved reflection spectroscopy to monitor the early breakdown dynamics at the water surface with a laser intensity being 1.5 above threshold. We observe a 20 ps delay before the plasma expands with an initial velocity of 5900 m/s. The transient electron density after formation of the plasma is 1.2×1021/cm3. A recombination on a picosecond time scale with a rate of (1.6×10-9±0.3×10-9) cm3/s is found.

Published in:

Applied Physics Letters  (Volume:88 ,  Issue: 26 )

Date of Publication:

Jun 2006

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