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Multibeam interferometric illumination as the primary source of resolution in optical microscopy

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5 Author(s)
Ryu, J. ; Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 ; Hong, S.S. ; Horn, B.K.P. ; Freeman, D.M.
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High-resolution images of a fluorescent target were obtained using a low-resolution optical detector by illuminating the target with interference patterns produced with 31 coherent beams. The beams were arranged in a cone with 78° half angle to produce illumination patterns consistent with a numerical aperture of 0.98. High-resolution images were constructed from low-resolution images taken with 930 different illumination patterns. Results for optical detectors with numerical apertures of 0.1 and 0.2 were similar, demonstrating that the resolution is primarily determined by the illuminator and not by the low-resolution detector. Furthermore, the long working distance, large depth of field, and large field of view of the low-resolution detector are preserved.

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Applied Physics Letters  (Volume:88 ,  Issue: 17 )