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Restriction of a Markov random field on a graph and multiresolution statistical image modeling

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2 Author(s)
Perez, P. ; IRISA, Rennes, France ; Heitz, F.

The association of statistical models and multiresolution data analysis in a consistent and tractable mathematical framework remains an intricate theoretical and practical issue. Several consistent approaches have been proposed previously to combine Markov random field (MRF) models and multiresolution algorithms in image analysis: renormalization group, subsampling of stochastic processes, MRFs defined on trees or pyramids, etc. For the simulation or a practical use of these models in statistical estimation, an important issue is the preservation of the local Markovian property of the representation at the different resolution levels. It is shown that this key problem may be studied by considering the restriction of a Markov random field (defined on some simple finite nondirected graph) to a part of its original site set. Several general properties of the restricted field are derived. The general form of the distribution of the restriction is given. “Locality” of the field is studied by exhibiting a neighborhood structure with respect to which the restricted field is an MRF. Sufficient conditions for the new neighborhood structure to be “minimal” are derived. Several consequences of these general results related to various “multiresolution” MRF-based modeling approaches in image analysis are presented

Published in:

Information Theory, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:42 ,  Issue: 1 )

Date of Publication:

Jan 1996

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