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Microbalance chemical sensor based on thin-film bulk acoustic wave resonators

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5 Author(s)
Benetti, M. ; Istituto di Acustica “O.M. Corbino”—Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Via del Fosso del Cavaliere, 100 I-00133 Roma, Italy ; Cannata, D. ; Di Pietrantonio, F. ; Foglietti, V.
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An electroacoustic chemical sensor based on thin-film bulk acoustic wave resonators (TFBAR) is presented. It operates on the same principle of the well-known quartz crystal micro-balance, at an operation frequency extended up to several GHz. The larger output signal, associated to the higher operation frequency, is a condition to improve the device sensitivity. TFBARs have been implemented on (001) Si wafers, using Si3N4/AlN membranes, obtained by anisotropic etching of Si. Time response and calibration curves have been tested on TFBAR sensors exploiting two different chemically interactive membranes: Pd and Co-tetra-phenyl-porphyrin, both deposited in the form of thin-films by thermal evaporation. Measurements performed upon exposure to H2, CO, and ethanol have shown the ability of the device to detect low concentrations of the analyte with a fast and repeatable response.

Published in:

Applied Physics Letters  (Volume:87 ,  Issue: 17 )