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Multimedia group synchronization protocols for integrated services networks

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2 Author(s)
Akyildiz, I.F. ; Sch. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Georgia Inst. of Technol., Atlanta, GA, USA ; Wei Yen

Unlike traditional data traffic, real time multimedia traffic requires synchronization. Temporal relationships among media must be maintained. Yet delay jitter and the absence of a global clock may disrupt these temporal relationships. This paper introduces new group synchronization protocols for real-time, multimedia applications, including teleconference, teleorchestration and multimedia on demand services. The proposed protocols achieve synchronization for all configurations (one-to-one, one-to-many, many-to-one, and many-to-many), and does so without prior knowledge of the end-to-end delay distribution, or the distribution of the clock drift. The only a-priori knowledge the protocols require is an upper bound on the end-to-end delay. The paper concludes with simulation experiments showing that the protocols work effectively in both LAN and WAN environments

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Selected Areas in Communications, IEEE Journal on  (Volume:14 ,  Issue: 1 )