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Atmospheric emission measurements of attenuation by microwave radiometer at 19.4 GHz

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1 Author(s)
Raina, M.K. ; Radio Sci. Div., Nat. Phys. Lab., New Delhi, India

Attenuation measurements on an Earth space path are presented using a passive microwave radiometer operating at 19.4 GHz in the emission mode. Attenuation measured under clear weather showed variation between 0.2 to 1.1 dB, whereas for cloud conditions attenuation as high as 1.0 dB have been recorded. Attenuation measurements for rain events have been correlated with rainfall rate using a fast-response 10 seconds opto-electronic rain gauge. The values of attenuation versus rainfall rate varied between A (dB)=0.01+0.18 R(mm/h) at the minimum and A (dB)=0.01+0.25 R(mm/h) at the maximum, showing considerable variability in the values of attenuation from year to year. The attenuation statistics for different seasons have also been computed and they show considerable changes from season to season-the largest attenuation in excess of 10 dB recorded in July-August-September, whereas minimum attenuation in excess of 2 dB recorded in December-March for nearly two years of data. Comparison of measurements made over New Delhi with those reported elsewhere show that for 0.02% of time attenuation values lie between those of Slough, England, and Crawford Hill, NJ. The concept of effective path length has been discussed based on the relationship between effective path length and the rain rate

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Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:44 ,  Issue: 2 )