By Topic

Texture Analysis for Automatic Segmentation of Intervertebral Disks of Scoliotic Spines From MR Images

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

4 Author(s)
Chevrefils, C. ; Inst. of Biomed. Eng., Ecole Polytech. de Montreal, Montreal, QC, Canada ; Cheriet, F. ; Aubin, C.-E. ; Grimard, G.

This paper presents a unified framework for automatic segmentation of intervertebral disks of scoliotic spines from different types of magnetic resonance (MR) image sequences. The method exploits a combination of statistical and spectral texture features to discriminate closed regions representing intervertebral disks from background in MR images of the spine. Specific texture features are evaluated for three types of MR sequences acquired in the sagittal plane: 2-D spin echo, 3-D multiecho data image combination, and 3-D fast imaging with steady state precession. A total of 22 texture features (18 statistical and 4 spectral) are extracted from every closed region obtained from an automatic segmentation procedure based on the watershed approach. The feature selection step based on principal component analysis and clustering process permit to decide among all the extracted features which ones resulted in the highest rate of good classification. The proposed method is validated using a supervised k-nearest-neighbor classifier on 505 MR images coming from three different scoliotic patients and three different MR acquisition protocols. Results suggest that the selected texture features and classification can contribute to solve the problem of oversegmentation inherent to existing automatic segmentation methods by successfully discriminating intervertebral disks from the background on MRI of scoliotic spines.

Published in:

Information Technology in Biomedicine, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:13 ,  Issue: 4 )