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In this paper, we investigate the crosstalk-induced delay, noise, and chemical mechanical polishing (CMP)-induced thickness-variation implications of dummy fill generated using rule-based wire track fill techniques and CMP-aware model-based methods for designs implemented in 65 nm process technology. The results indicate that fill generated using rule-based and CMP-aware model-based methods can have a significant impact on parasitic capacitance, interconnect planarization, and individual path delay variation. Crosstalk-induced delay and noise are significantly reduced in the grounded-fill cases, and designs with floating fill also experience a reduction in average crosstalk-induced delay and noise, which is in contrast to the predictions of previous studies on small-scale interconnect structures. When crosstalk effects are included in the analysis, the observed delay behavior is significantly different from the delay modeled without considering crosstalk effects. Consequently, crosstalk-induced delay and noise must be simultaneously considered in addition to parasitic capacitance and interconnect planarization when developing future fill generation methods.
Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) Systems, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:18 , Issue: 3 )
Date of Publication: March 2010