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Rotating machines such as diesel engines, cutting machines, fans, motors, etc., generate sinusoidal noise signals that may be effectively reduced by narrowband active noise control (ANC) systems. In this paper, a typical filtered-X LMS (FXLMS) based narrowband ANC system equipped with an online secondary-path modeling subsystem is analyzed in detail. First, difference equations governing the dynamics of the FXLMS algorithm for secondary source synthesis and the LMS algorithm for secondary-path estimation are derived in terms of convergence in both mean and mean square. Steady-state expressions for mean-square error (MSE) as well as the residual noise power are then developed in closed form. Extensive simulations are performed to demonstrate the validity of the analytical results.