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A novel coupling technique for circularly polarized square-ring patch antenna is developed and discussed. The circular polarization (CP) radiation of the square-ring patch antenna is achieved by a simple microstrip feed line through the coupling of a square patch on the same plane of the antenna. Proper positioning of the coupling square patch excites two orthogonal resonant modes with 90deg phase difference, and a pure circular polarization is obtained. The dielectric material is a square block of ceramic with a permittivity of 58 and that reduces the size of the antenna. The prototype has been designed, fabricated and found to have an impedance bandwidth of 1.1% and a 3-dB axial-ratio bandwidth of about 0.03% at GPS frequency of 1573 MHz. The characteristics of the proposed antenna have been studied by simulation software HFSS and experiments. The measured and simulated results are in good agreement.
Date of Publication: April 2009