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Pharos: accurate and decentralised network coordinate system

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6 Author(s)
Chen, Y. ; Dept. of Electron. Eng., Tsinghua Univ., Beijing ; Xiong, Y. ; Shi, X. ; Zhu, J.
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Network coordinates (NC) system is an efficient mechanism for Internet distance prediction with scalable measurements. The intrinsical cause for the unsatisfactory accuracy of the simulation-based NC algorithms has been identified. Then Pharos, a fully decentralised and hierarchical scheme, is proposed to solve this problem. Pharos leverages multiple coordinate sets at different distance scales, with the right scale being chosen for prediction each time. We evaluate the performance of Pharos system with the King data set and latency data from PlanetLab, and compare it with the representative NC system, Vivaldi. The experimental results show that Pharos greatly outperforms Vivaldi in Internet distance prediction without adding any significant overhead. Our extensive evaluation results also demonstrate that Pharos can significantly improve the performance in distributed Internet applications, such as overlay multicast and server selection.

Published in:

Communications, IET  (Volume:3 ,  Issue: 4 )

Date of Publication:

April 2009

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