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Functionally biarticular control for smart prosthetics

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5 Author(s)
Gillespie, B. ; Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI ; Baker, J. ; O'Malley, M. ; Shewokis, P.
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In this paper we introduce the use of force feedback in conjunction with myoelectric control to establish an improved interface for a powered prosthetic limb. The force feedback is delivered through a single-axis exoskeleton worn about the elbow, while the EMG signal is derived from the biceps muscle. This combination is intended to produce a sense of effort in the biceps that is associated with the action of the motorized prosthetic gripper. The method engages both efferent and afferent signals innervating a functional muscle with the aim of realizing a muscle that is effectively biarticular. The controlling muscle spans one joint physiologically and a second, prosthetic joint functionally. Preliminary experiments have demonstrated that force feedback can substitute for vision during grasp and lift tasks.

Published in:

EuroHaptics conference, 2009 and Symposium on Haptic Interfaces for Virtual Environment and Teleoperator Systems. World Haptics 2009. Third Joint

Date of Conference:

18-20 March 2009