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Speaker Model Clustering for Efficient Speaker Identification in Large Population Applications

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2 Author(s)
Apsingekar, V.R. ; Klipsch Sch. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., New Mexico State Univ., Las Cruces, NM ; De Leon, P.L.

In large population speaker identification (SI) systems, likelihood computations between an unknown speaker's feature vectors and the registered speaker models can be very time-consuming and impose a bottleneck. For applications requiring fast SI, this is a recognized problem and improvements in efficiency would be beneficial. In this paper, we propose a method whereby GMM-based speaker models are clustered using a simple k-means algorithm. Then, during the test stage, only a small proportion of speaker models in selected clusters are used in the likelihood computations resulting in a significant speed-up with little to no loss in accuracy. In general, as the number of selected clusters is reduced, the identification accuracy decreases; however, this loss can be controlled through proper tradeoff. The proposed method may also be combined with other test stage speed-up techniques resulting in even greater speed-up gains without additional sacrifices in accuracy.

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Audio, Speech, and Language Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:17 ,  Issue: 4 )