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A Beam-Steering and -Switching Antenna Array Using a Coupled Phase-Locked Loop Array

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2 Author(s)
Sheng-Hong Yan ; Inst. of Commun. Eng., Nat. Taiwan Univ., Taipei ; Tah-Hsiung Chu

We present the analysis and experimental results of a beam-steering and -switching antenna array using coupled oscillators and phase-locked loops. With the use of a type-II coupled phase-locked loop array and an external reference signal, the antenna array can steer its beam by a single control voltage, reduce the beam-pointing error arising from the phase errors of the oscillator array, and hold its output frequency stably at the reference signal frequency in operation. Using a double-pole double-throw switch and a difference amplifier at the center element of the antenna array, one can switch the array radiation pattern between the sum pattern and the difference pattern. Moreover, the beam-scanning range is extended to plusmn 90deg by properly using frequency prescalers in the phase-locked loops. The radiation characteristics of a three-element antenna array are measured to verify the array performance.

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Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:57 ,  Issue: 3 )