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A very low bit rate video coder based on vector quantization

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2 Author(s)
L. Corte-Real ; Dept. de Engenharia Electrotecnica e de Computadores, Porto Univ., Portugal ; A. P. Alves

Describes a video coder based on a hybrid DPCM-vector quantization algorithm that is suited for bit rates ranging from 8-16 kb/s. The proposed approach involves segmenting difference images into variable-size and variable-shape blocks and performing segmentation and motion compensation simultaneously. The purpose of obtaining motion vectors for variable-size and variable-shape blocks is to improve the quality of motion estimation, particularly in those areas where the edges of moving objects are situated. For the larger blocks, decimation takes place in order to simplify vector quantization. For very active blocks, which are always of small dimension, a specific vector quantizer has been applied, the fuzzy classified vector quantizer (FCVQ). The coding algorithm described displays good performance in the compression of test sequences at the rates of 8 and 16 kb/s; the signal-to-noise ratios obtained are good in both cases. The complexity of the coder implementation is comparable to that of conventional hybrid coders, while the decoder is much simpler in this proposal

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Image Processing  (Volume:5 ,  Issue: 2 )