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This study assesses human exposure in the close vicinity of mobile phone base station antennas by finite-difference time-domain simulations. The peak spatial average specific absorption rate (SAR) and the whole-body average SAR are analyzed in three different anatomical models (55-101 kg) with respect to the basic restrictions for occupational exposure. The models are at distances between 0.5 and 4 m from various antenna types operating at frequencies ranging from 450 to 2140 MHz. The validity of the simulations is confirmed by an analysis of the impact of the mesh resolution on local and whole-body average SAR and by experimental validation of the numerical models. The results demonstrate that the whole-body absorption generally determines the maximum permissible antenna output power for collinear array antennas. Local exposure depends on various effects that fluctuate strongly among individuals. In particular for short antennas, the peak spatial average SAR can be more restrictive than the whole-body absorption because they may only expose a fraction of the body. Therefore, compliance must be demonstrated for both quantities.
Electromagnetic Compatibility, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:51 , Issue: 2 )
Date of Publication: May 2009