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Next Generation Intel¯ Core™ Micro-Architecture (Nehalem) Clocking

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5 Author(s)

This paper describes the core and I/O clocking architecture of the next generation Intelreg Coretrade micro-architecture processor (Nehalem), designed on a 45 nm process technology. Local PLL placement provides modularity and power-efficient scalability by allowing independent frequency and voltage domains. Fast-locking, low-skew PLLs are used to achieve 56% lock time reduction and 30% long-tem jitter improvement. Adaptive frequency, supply, and duty cycle mechanisms combine for up to 5% core frequency gain at iso-voltage. Jitter attenuating DLLs with enhanced linearity and plusmn15% duty cycle correction drive a differential, low-swing I/O receiver clock distribution, reducing jitter by 25% and enabling 25.6 GB/s Intelreg QuickPath Interconnect bandwidth and three-channel DDR3 traffic up to 32 GB/s.

Published in:

IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits  (Volume:44 ,  Issue: 4 )