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The coastal zones of the Korean peninsula are well known for their large tide ranges and vast expanse of intertidal flats. In this paper, methods of extracting the roughness of the scattering surface of intertidal mudflats from polarimetric synthetic aperture radar (SAR) data have been investigated. The L-band NASA/Jet Propulsion Laboratories airborne SAR data, which were acquired in the intertidal zone during PACRIM-II Korea campaign, were used to estimate the roughness of intertidal mudflats. Surface roughness can be utilized as a useful parameter to monitor the fishery activities in intertidal flats as well as the changes in textural characteristics of surface sediments. In order to retrieve roughness parameters, such as the rms height and the correlation length, of intertidal mudflats, three types of roughness inversion algorithms, based on the Integral Equation Method (IEM), semiempirical, and extended-Bragg models, have been investigated and developed. The inversion algorithms based on the IEM and semiempirical models can be applied to the dual-polarized SAR, while the extended-Bragg model-based inversion approach is also applicable to the fully polarimetric SAR observations. Results indicate the fully polarimetric approach is more pertinent to monitor geophysical parameters from space than the dual polarimetric approach, even if it is possible to reduce the number of unknown surface variables in the specific case of inversion problems.
Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:47 , Issue: 4 )
Date of Publication: April 2009