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An innovative approach is introduced to form virtual transmitting and receiving radar antenna beams simultaneously by transmitting orthogonal coding waveforms from the antenna elements and digitally processing of their echoes at the receiver. Multiple virtual transmitting-receiving beams can be formed simultaneously by employing an equal number of beamforming filters without increasing transmitting power or antenna gain or resolution loss. The virtually formed antenna beams can provide equivalent antenna gains and spatial resolutions as the conventional phased arrays of the same size. Because the actual antenna radiation pattern can be made almost isotropic, the new system has low probability of intercept (LPI) property. With both transmitting and receiving beams virtually implemented through digital filtering, costly radiation phase shift used in phased arrays is not needed for beam scanning in the proposed system.
Date of Publication: Feb. 2009