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A novel automatic-gain-control (AGC) architecture utilizing wideband current feedback is proposed for the baseband circuit of a wireless endoscope capsule. The baseband circuit consists of a fast-settling wideband AGC loop and an amplitude-shift-keying demodulator. Additional integrators in the reverse signal path provide negative feedback, bandpass-filtering effect, attenuating low-frequency noises, and dc offset from the radio-frequency front end. The baseband circuit fabricated in a 180-nm complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor process achieves a wide-intermediate-frequency (IF) carrier frequency in the range of 0.5-40 MHz, a measured settling time of 2 mus, and an input sensitivity of -57 dBm. The entire baseband demodulator dissipates only 5 mA, with a 1.8-V supply at a data rate of 1.37 Mb/s and an IF carrier frequency of 10 MHz.