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Performance maximization for question classification by subset tree kernel using support vector machines

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2 Author(s)
Rahman, M.A. ; Dept. of Phys., Jahangirnagar Univ., Dhaka ; Scurtu, V.

Question answering systems use information retrieval (IR) and information extraction (IE) methods to retrieve documents containing a valid answer. Question classification plays an important role in the question answer frame to reduce the gap between question and answer. This paper presents our research work on automatic question classification through machine learning approaches. We have experimented with machine learning algorithms Support Vector Machines (SVM) using kernel methods. An effective way to integrate syntactic structures for question classification in machine learning algorithms is the use of tree kernel (TK) functions. Here we use SubSet Tree kernel with Bag of words. Trade-off between training error and margin, Cost-factor and the decay factor has significant impact when we use SVM for the mentioned kernel type. The experiments determined the individual impact for Trade-off between training error and margin, Cost-factor and the decay factor and later the combined effect for Trade-off between training error and margin, Cost-factor. Depending on these result we also figure out some hyperplanes which can maximize the performance. Based on some standard data set outcomes of our experiment for question classification is promising.

Published in:

Computer and Information Technology, 2008. ICCIT 2008. 11th International Conference on

Date of Conference:

24-27 Dec. 2008